“What he gave is priceless”: a collector from Bucovina donated exclusive items to a museum
In the Chernivtsi local history museum, they opened an exhibition from the collection of the late Mikoli Juryak, a native of Putilshchyna.
The molbuk.ua correspondent visited the museum and spoke with the modern history visitor department of the Maria Unguryan local history museum.
“This man is a fighter for Ukraine“
“This person was a fighter for Ukraine – a statesman. Mikola ne z tih hto objavav vishivanku in biv sebe in bosom. This is a person who, for 20 years, went to collect testimonies on the struggle of Ukrainian nationalists. He donated valuable exhibits from past centuries to the museum free of charge. He is truly a person who cares about the state. A fund will be created in our country, where all the things he has given to us will go“– said Mr. Unguryan.
Young Mykola Djuryak was buried in the underground structures of the National-Visual Movement of Bucovina. Why was he exiled to Sibiru? At the end of the 50s of the last century, he returned to Ukraine, but he did not manage to reach his native land. Maria Unguryan knew Mr Mikola personally and says he was a man of complicated character, but he never threw a word to the wind.
“She knew him because she was transporting his collection to Chernivtsi. A year before he died, he called us and told us he wanted to transfer all his work. He was very precise. For example, I said: either you take all the things or nothing, said Mrs. Maria. – Many difficulties, but what he passed on – invaluable“.
Juryak never spoke about where he got his exposures from.
“Collectors, as a rule, do not say where they get their exhibits. And Mr. Mikola didn’t say anything. As for church exhibits, it is possible that in the days of militant atheism churches were closed and therefore people had to keep books and other church items, but it’s just a guess.“– notes enviously.
Gathered in a monastery, so he collected church things for her
The collection has many church exhibits dating back to the 19th century. According to Mrs. Maria, in the 90s he intended to go to a monastery, so he collected such things for her.
I have interesting specimens “Напростольне Евангелије“ in металивному оклади 1900. A very valuable book, written in Old Slavic. We also have original Bible illustrations by famous French artist Gustave Doré. Tut is illustrated with many images of the Holy Scriptures“– said Mr. Unguryan.
There will also be church books from the 19th and 20th centuries. Yak-de, “Explanations of Sunday and the Holy Gospels“ (1899), book “Instruction in the Laws of God“ (1915), a book by French writer Marie Montlor “light of the world“ (1904), pocket prayer book with variations of folk prayers.
“Moreover, there are old books of 1900 years, and in some it is not even possible to understand the year of publication, since the date is written in Older Slavic, a book in itself“– observes Mrs. Maria.
In addition to books, Mr. Mykola presented church artifacts to the museum.
“Lots of interesting church specimens. Yak-ot, enthroned cross, chalice, communion cup, disc, on which the priest places pieces of proscuri. They are probably silver objects made at the end of the 19th century. However, we won’t know for sure, because they haven’t put them to the test to verify“– she said enviously.
“He gave about four thousand exhibitions“
One of the most valuable pieces handed over by a Bucovinian collector is “Kobzar“ Tarasa Shevchenko, seen in 1886.
“Illustrated “Kobzar“. At his own expense, with his pension, Juryak saw him again. Regarding my robots, it was the first time that someone presented a museum so richly. Wine gave about four thousand exhibitions“– said Mrs. Maria.
Mykola Djuryak has written and seen three volumes of books on the activities of OUN and UPA in Bukovina, in addition to this there are still documents that he has not seen.
“An interesting exhibit is his unpublished documents about people who fought against the Soviet government. He went from farm to farm and collected evidence. This was written by a person with little elementary education. He came home and typed on the typewriter. Having thus collected whole volumes on the activities of the UPA and the OUN of Bukovina. It is an extremely great work, because he devoted 20 years of his life to it. Pan Mikola has seen three volumes, but there are materials he has not had time to process“– said Mr. Unguryan.
“I will not process the entire collection“
According to Ms. Maria, most of the collection will not be presented and treated. There are also exhibits from the early 19th century.
“The oldest pieces in the collections date back to the first half of the 19th century. These are church books that are currently in the holdings. Scientific workers should describe them, establish a year, translate, – says enviously. – There is even a problem with the team to set the year, because they are written in Old Slavic, so it has to be done for the board. Therefore, the entire collection will not be processed“.
It will take several years for scientists to process all the exhibits.
“It is ascetic work. To determine the value of this collection, the museum must work for several years. I think Mr. Mikola did a great job
bagato is therefore worth mentioning“– said Mr. Unguryan.
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