Judge Bhushan has participated in several landmark verdicts, including Ayodhya and Aadhaar
New Delhi, July 2 (PTI) Supreme Court Justice Justice Ashok Bhushan, who is due to retire on July 4, has been involved in several landmark verdicts ranging from the landmark Ayodhya land dispute case to confirmation of the validity of the Aadhaar biometric identity card as well as of the one who ruled that the Chief Justice of India is the “master of the list” and has the prerogative to assign cases.
With the retirement of Justice Bhushan, the sixth-longest-serving Supreme Court judge, the number of judges will be reduced to 26, from 34, including the CJI.
Raised as Supreme Judge on May 13, 2016, Judge Bhushan was among the pews delivering groundbreaking verdicts, including one that recognized that a terminally ill patient or person with a persistent vegetative state can execute an “advance medical directive.” or a “living will” to refuse medical treatment.
He was part of the constitutional bench of five judges that in November 2019 paved the way for the construction of the Ram Temple at the disputed Ayodhya site and ordered the Center to allocate five acres of land to the Sunni Waqf council for the construction of a mosque.
He was also part of a bench of five judges who in September 2018 declared the Centre’s flagship Aadhaar program as constitutionally valid, but struck down some of its provisions, including its link to bank accounts, cellphones and admissions to school.
Judge Bhushan was part of the July 2018 verdict in which the Supreme Court ruled Delhi could not be granted statehood but chipped away at the powers of the lieutenant governor, claiming he had no “independent decision-making power” and had to act accordingly. help and advice from the elected government.
He was part of a constitutional bench of nine judges of the highest court which had ruled in February last year that its bench of five judges could refer questions of law to a larger bench while exercising its limited power to review jurisdiction in the Sabarimala temple case.
The bench of nine judges had also formulated seven questions on the scope of religious freedom in various religions.
Judge Bhushan headed the tribunal which called this week “unforgivable” the Centre’s “apathy and nonchalant attitude” towards the creation of a national database for unorganized workers and ordered its opening before July 31 so that all migrant workers are registered this year and welfare measures have been extended to them during COVID-19 distress.
On June 30, Judge Bhushan ordered the National Disaster Management Authority to issue new guidelines to provide minimum standards of financial assistance to the families of those who have lost their lives due to COVID-19.
The bench led by him has passed several ordinances to ease the plight of migrant workers during the COVID-19-induced lockdown in the country.
A five-judge bench led by Judge Bhushan refused in May this year to refer to a wider bench the question of whether to reconsider his 29-year-old Mandal verdict capping the quotas at 50 percent and overturned a Maharashtra law granting reservations to Marathas in admissions and government jobs in the state, claiming this violated the principle of the right to equality.
Recently, a bench of five judges led by him rejected the Center’s plea calling for a review of the May 5 majority’s verdict that the 102nd Amendment to the Constitution removed states’ power to declare classes socially and educationally backward (ESCB ) for the granting of quota of jobs and admissions.
The 102nd Constitutional Amendment Law of 2018 inserted Articles 338B, which deal with the structure, duties and powers of the NCBC, while 342A deals with the power of the president to notify a particular caste as an ESCB and the power Parliament to modify the list.
A bench of two judges, which also included Judge Bhushan, ruled in July 2018 that the CJI was the “master of the list” and there is no doubt that it has the ultimate power to award cases.
In November 2017, a bench of five judges from the Supreme Court declared that the CJI was the master of the list.
Judge Bhushan, born in 1956 in the Jaunpur district of Uttar Pradesh, graduated in law from Allahabad University in 1979 and was registered as a lawyer at the Uttar Pradesh bar on April 6, 1979 .
He was appointed a permanent judge of the High Court of Allahabad on April 24, 2001. He was sworn in as a judge of the High Court of Kerala on July 10, 2014.
Judge Bhushan was sworn in as Chief Justice of the High Court of Kerala in March 2015. PTI ABA MNL SJK SA
Warning :- This story has not been edited by Outlook staff and is auto-generated from news agency feeds. Source: PTI