Humanity ravaged in Afghanistan
The only objective of the Taliban has been to take full control of Afghanistan and impose an Islamic rule formed by the Taliban, which is funny.
by Anwar A. Khan
Afghanistan has seen more blood with every sunrise. The Taliban’s thirst for blood continues to grow and the state of insurgency seems like a never-ending story. The United States, NATO, Russia, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and others have fought for years in Afghanistan, but the situation is only getting worse. Understanding the news, a question comes naturally. Who is responsible for the Afghan insurgency? Why, after the intervention of so many nations, is the situation still out of control? Who’s helping, how did the Taliban take control of much of the country? How did other states just take advantage of Afghanistan and let the country burn?
|Afghans listen to Khalil al-Rahman Haqqani, a leader of the Taliban-affiliated Haqqani network, brother of its former leader Jalaluddin Haqqani, and a designated US terrorist with a bounty of five million US dollars on his head, give a sermon to the Pul – I-Khishti Mosque in Kabul, Afghanistan, Friday August 20, 2021.|
On Tuesday, September 11, 2001, in the morning, two American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175 commercial planes crashed into the north and south towers of the World Trade Center in Manhattan, United States. The two 110-story towers collapsed, taking other surrounding buildings with them. That same morning at 9:37 a.m., a third American Airlines Flight 77 aircraft struck the west side of the Pentagon. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93 heading for Washington DC with the possible White House or Capitol Hill target was hijacked and struck the ground in a field in Pennsylvania.
It was by far the biggest terrorist attack and the reaction was obvious. The four planes were hijacked and all fingers pointed at the terrorist group Al-Qaeda fleeing Afghanistan and its leader Osama Bin-Laden. Then British Prime Minister Tony Blair met with George Bush and helped him convince other nations to support the United States against terrorism. Many European countries, Australia and NATO have pledged to help the United States militarily.
On October 7, 2001, the war in Afghanistan began with aerial bombardments of possible Taliban and Al Qaeda hiding places. Even Iran sent its Quds force to fight with the United States in the war that was never going to end. US fighter jets and drones attacked targets, but they also blew up more than half of Afghanistan that was already on fire. They couldn’t kill Osama Bin-Laden until 2011, but the goal of abolishing the Taliban was never achieved. Afghanistan is even now experiencing its worst insurgency caused by the Taliban.
Mohammad Sardar Daoud Khan overthrew the royal family of Afghanistan in 1973 and declared it a republic. He repealed the constitution and also started some reforms. But he couldn’t enjoy power for long. A Marxist-Leninist political party called the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) seized power and Mohammad Daoud was assassinated. The PDPA was created in 1965 under the influence of the USSR engagement which started a few years earlier. Afghans also enjoyed democracy under the PDPA regime, but they slowly began to implement a Marxist-Leninist ideology that was quite different from their local and Islamic identity.
The extreme implementation of these policies created a stir among the people. The USSR financially helped the PDPA government and sent contractors to build hospitals, roads, schools, etc. in Afghanistan as the government made socialist reforms and shifted to state atheism. The PDPA went too far to curb religious practices and jailed several religious leaders, preachers and worshipers. They would have killed thousands of people who just wanted to follow their religion in their own way. Rather than applying a systematic process, the PDPA used aggressive and violent measures to turn the entire population into a liberal and atheist of its Islamist ideology. These measures continued to make the government unpopular and forced clerics to band together to fight these atrocities.
As the government’s crackdown intensified, more and more people opposed the regime to restore their Islamic identity. An open war has started between Islamic groups and the government. Now the Soviet Union has decided to intervene and sent its Red Army to Afghanistan in 1979. Over 100,000 Soviet troops have invaded Afghanistan with the support of the Afghan army. An Afghan term Mujahideen appeared to represent various rebel fighters fighting against the Soviet Union and the Afghan army.
They were groups of many tribes united under the banner of Islam. The military intervention of the Soviet Union triggered the United States which did not want Afghanistan to become territory of the Soviet Union. Amid the escalation of the Cold War, the United States took the opportunity to reduce the growing supremacy of the USSR and move closer to the USSR. They have started sending weapons and other support to Afghan Mujahedin Islamist groups.
Saudi Arabia also supported the cause, which wanted to establish an Islamic regime in Afghanistan to gain an advantage against Iran. Pakistan took this opportunity to approach the US for more funding and let them use the assets of their spy agency ISI. The Afghan mujahedin were no longer tribal rebellion fighters, and with major support from the United States, Saudi Arabia and Pakistan, they became stronger and more structured. It was the origin of a so-called Islamist organization which then branched out into the Taliban. Now they could face the Soviet and Afghan armies with the latest American weapons and finally the Soviets withdrew in 1989.
The Soviet invasion first and then the intervention of the United States turned out to be major turning points that changed the history of Afghanistan and the whole world.
Now an official date has been announced by Joe Biden and August 31 will mark the end of the US military engagement in Afghanistan. The announcement came as the Taliban became the deadliest in years. They took control of much of the country, including several border crossings.
The only objective of the Taliban has been to take full control of Afghanistan and impose an Islamic rule formed by the Taliban, which is funny. There is a small fraction of the Taliban who want this to be done in peace by signing treaties with the United States and other countries and a large portion of the Taliban want to gain power by force. Whether with force or with talks, the outcome will be horrific for the world and for Afghanistan.
The world’s most advanced military power, the United States, pledging before its citizens to win every war with any nation if necessary, has not been able to topple a militant group in 20 years. Sorry to say, but there is no hope for a bright future for the Afghan people in the near term. Everyone has played their part in Afghanistan to take more and more strategic advantages over their rival nations and the Taliban have grown stronger every year.
The same US-backed Afghan leaders against the USSR fed the Taliban who grew stronger with Saudi and Pakistani backing who, years later, described by far the most deadly and deadliest attack. important against the United States. It’s ironic that the United States fought in Afghanistan for over a decade to cut down the same tree it nurtured when it was just a seed. This tree is now so deeply rooted since 2001 that it could engulf all of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan has witnessed the traces of the Neanderthals to the glorious civilization of the Indus Valley. It has become the cradle of several religions such as Zoroastrianism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam. They were also influenced by the Iranians, Indians, Mongols, Turks and Greeks during their reign. Diversification like this has caused them to split into several tribes that have never been able to unite as a nation even until modern times. This has benefited the Taliban and other groups to impose their atrocities.
The United States started a war against the Taliban in 2001. Since then, it has killed several top leaders of the militant group, but even after 20 years it has not been able to win this fight. Internal pressures forced the United States to withdraw its forces and the process had already started under the Obama period.
“In Afghanistan the past – the darkness of the medieval age is back” but with more ferocity – for the use or sale of religion – Islam, but in their own brand of fabricated Islam – l Taliban Islam, Once Again … Sorrows and Suffering for The Afghan people will know no bounds. Who will control these terrible Taliban?
In fact, Afghanistan is now a terrified inhabited place! I can feel Sahraa Karimi and other Afghan families crying from the bottom of my heart. How should I and where should I pray for their safety?
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The writer is a freelance political analyst based in Dhaka, Bangladesh, who writes on politics, political and human-centered figures, current affairs and international affairs.